Posted in बस्तुगत प्रश्न

Information on SAARC

SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

Established: 8th Dec 1985

Secretariat: Kathmandu 17 Jan 1987

SAARC Member States:

  1. Nepal
  2. India
  3. Bangladesh
  4. Pakistan
  5. Bhutan
  6. Srilanka
  7. Maldives
  8. Afghanistan

SAARC Observers:

  1. Japan
  2. Australia
  3. China
  4. Korea
  5. Myanmar
  6. America (United States)
  7. Mauritius
  8. Iran
  9. European Union

Objectives of SAARC

The objectives of the Association as outlined in the SAARC Charter are:

  1. to promote the welfare of the peoples of South Asia and to improve their quality of life;
  2. to accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region and to provide all individuals the opportunity to live in dignity and to realize their full potentials;
  3. to promote and strengthen collective self-reliance among the countries of South Asia;
  4. to contribute to mutual trust, understanding and appreciation of one another’s problems;
  5. to promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in the economic, social, cultural, technical and scientific fields;
  6. to strengthen cooperation with other developing countries;
  7. to strengthen cooperation among themselves in international forums on matters of common interests; and
  8. to cooperate with international and regional organizations with similar aims and purposes.

SAARC area of cooperation

  1. Human Resource Development and Tourism
  2. Agriculture and Rural Development
  3. Environment, Natural Disasters and Biotechnology
  4. Economic, Trade and Finance
  5. Social Affairs
  6. Information and Poverty Alleviation
  7. Energy, Trasport, Science and Technology
  8. Education, Security and Culture
  9. Others (The idea of Meeting of SAARC Cabinet Secretaries was suggested by India in the year 2008 to discuss professional issues of common concern such as administrative reform, procedural simplifications and implementation of development programs relevant to SAARC Countries which was welcomed by the Member States.)

SAARC Summit:

Summits are usually held biennially hosted by a Member State in alphabetical order.

S.No Location Date of Summit
1 Dhaka (Bangladesh) 7-8 December 1985
2 Bangalore (India) 16-17 November 1986
3 Kanthmandu (Nepal) 2-4 November 1987
4 Islamabad (Pakistan) 2-31 December 1988
5 Male’ (Maldives) 21-23 November 1990
6 Colombo (SriLanka) 21 December 1991
7 Dhaka (Bangladesh) 10-11 April 1993
8 New Delhi (India) 2-4 May 1995
9 Male’ (Maldives) 12-14 May 1997
10 Colombo (Srilanka) 29-31 July 1998
11 Kathmandu (Nepal) 4-6 January 2002
12 Islamabad (Pakistan) 2-6 January 2004
13 Dhaka (Bangladesh) 12-13 November 2005
14 New Delhi (India) 3-4 April 2007
15 Colombo (Srilanka) 1-3 August 2008
16 Thimphu (Bhutan) 28-29 April 2010
17 Addu (Maldives) 10-11 November 2011
18 Kathmandu (Nepal) 26-27 November 2014

First to sign in SAARC Charter

Hussain Muhammad Ershad
PRESIDENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH

Jigme Singye Wangchuck
KING OF BHUTAN

Rajiv Gandhi
PRIME MINISTER OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA

Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MALDIVES

Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
KING OF NEPAL

Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
PRESIDENT OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN

Junius Richard Jayewardene

PRESIDENT OF DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA

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Author:

Chakrapani Bhandari (Chakra Jwala), Freelance Writer and a Scientific Blogger. B.Sc. Microbiology, Amrit Science College, Tribhuvan University Kathmandu Nepal. Email: chakra.jwala@gmail.com Website: www.chakrapanibhandari.com.np

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